Robot technology, which is used frequently in the health sector in the world, especially in liver and heart operations, has an important place in hair surgery.With the increasing interest in hair transplantation in recent years, many operational methods have been developed. The last of these methods was robot technology. That was introduced in America in 2010, which still continue to be developed and adopted to date technology in the plantation “Robotic Hair Restoration Surgery” to Japan, America, countries such as the UK after being used successfully from Turkey as well purgatory.
Collecting hair follicles by an automated technology by hair transplantation robot instead of classical methods, opening of the channels in the field with an advanced technology and manually sowing these roots to the channels opened with minimum error covers the robotic hair transplantation processes.
So what is this robot technology? What are the differences and advantages and disadvantages of existing hair transplantation methods? We have compiled for you.
Why was robotic hair transplant technology needed in?
The experience of hair transplantation cannot be learned as a theoretical science, but can be learned through practice. For example, in medical schools there is no lecture that teaches doctors how to inject hair, but thousands of doctors have gained experience in performing hair transplant procedures.
As we know Turkey, especially in the field of aesthetic medicine and holds an important place in the field of hair transplantation; The number of medical tourists came to Turkey last year reached 750 thousand. Most of these people have come for hair transplantation with other cosmetic procedures such as rhinoplasty, body bypass and others. plantation costs in European countries as well as $ 20,000 in the US than in Turkey, is up to $ 35,000 in Australia. Therefore, hair transplantation operations in these countries have decreased. Turkey quality service that costs less and is preferred by many residents of the country specified on the plantation.
According to this information, it is clear that medical teams in European countries are less educated and less experienced due to the loss of practice in their countries. Therefore, these countries needed to create a modern technology to replace medical personnel, so the idea of robotic hair transplantation came.
As we mentioned, the few operations performed in European countries have led to the lack of qualified physicians and hair transplant specialists, so the high-skilled physician receives a high fee for hair transplant surgery. This question required some companies to develop a way to carry on without these doctors; This was also robotic hair transplantation aimed at reducing the cost of planting.
How is robotic hair transplantation applied?
Most robotic hair transplantation systems remove only the hair follicles from the donor area and the health care personnel complete the remaining steps of hair transplantation.
As we mentioned earlier, the main role of the robot is to overcome the inexperience in the follicle removal step to keep them alive and to protect the donor site from the scars.
In robotic hair surgery, which we can call a comfortable method for the patient, the robot collects the roots with the least error. The aim is to collect the strongest hair roots in the highest quality. When the robot is processing, the operator at the computer can interfere with the hair transplantation robot when necessary. In case the operator does not intervene, the robot will automatically detect the hair follicles and automatically determine which root to take in the next step. A significant advantage of the hair transplantation robot is that it does not cause any damage to the healthy hair present while collecting the hair follicles. The robot does two important tasks: collecting roots and channeling.
It is possible to summarize the grooving process as follows; everyone has a different hair outlet direction and the density to be planted to appear in a certain volume. Thanks to its optical reader, the robot takes the hair follicles into memory and opens the channel without damaging the existing ones.
Before the procedure, the patient’s photos are taken from the front, from behind, from the top to the side, and the head structure in the computer is rendered in 3D. In this way, it is prepared in a scientific and professional way as to prepare the architectural project as to how much hair to be planted in which region, how to orient the hair and how it will be planted. Patients can enter into their minds without any question mark. The process lasts 7-8 hours and is completed on the same day.
Robotic hair transplant stages:
Before beginning hair transplantation, the donor site is scanned by the robot and a 3D photograph is taken in this region to determine which follicles should be extracted.
Determination of the frontal hairline:
Both the anterior hairline shape and the number of grafts to be collected are determined by the robot. Therefore, this method will be an alternative to the human hand, which is the basis of cosmetic procedures.As we know, beauty needs a human touch to achieve natural results. It is necessary to know where the facial muscles are and to communicate between the doctor and the patient in order to achieve a natural and more aesthetic result in determining the anterior hairline.With robotic hair transplant, this beauty is tried to be provided by a machine, but this result will not provide the natural image made by human hands.
This step is considered to be the main phase of hair transplantation stages because it is very important to extract the hair follicles and determine the depth and depth of collection to prevent deterioration at this stage.With this technique, the extraction of hair follicles is done by a robot. As noted, however, the robot is a machine and can only perform this operation under the guidance of a person.The robot does not know the staple dimensions (determined by the patient’s follicles) used for each case. Therefore, the robotic hair transplantation system needs a specialist to give the correct instructions.
As mentioned above, the role of the robot ends after the removal of the follicles, so health care personnel should complete the other steps of hair transplantation. The opening of the channels is very important, because the angle and depth of the open channels play an important role in hair transplantation.As we know, the operation of hair implants is a cosmetic procedure such as rhinoplasty. If the solution was a robot, we would see, for example, that robots do rhinoplasty. As a result, the human feeling in giving a natural appearance is the foundation of plastic surgery.
Transplantation of grafts:
This step is the easiest stage of hair transplantation.According to all this information, we can say that the task of the robot is only to extract the graft from the donor area. At this point, the medical team can be replaced, but the medical team will complete the remaining stages.
This technique is not needed in Turkey. As we mentioned before, the human sense gives the aesthetic appearance that the robot cannot give.Robotic hair transplantation system is a promising new technology and can give good results but has some advantages and disadvantages.
What are the advantages of robotic hair surgery?
- In classical hair transplantation methods, hair removal direction, angle depends on the expert’s attention. In robotic hair transplantation, hair removal direction, angle, such as the elements are planned with robot instructions and programs.
- Thanks to the special magnifier, the hair transplantation robot eliminates the margin of error by providing a 10,000-fold growth in the follicular unit.
- Another important advantage of the robot is that it does not cause any damage to existing healthy hair while collecting hair follicles.
- Personalized hair design is done before October. To create a 3D model, it is possible to take pictures from five different angles. Thanks to the created 3D model, it is determined how much hair transplantation should be made to the region, so that it will occur what kind of an image will occur after sowing.
- The recovery process is faster compared to Fue and DHI techniques.
- One of the important advantages of robotic hair surgery is its natural appearance. Thanks to the advanced technology of the robot, the hair looks natural. When we look at the bottom of our own hair pit, do not see the artificial image. The hair is a whole with the skin. It is possible to perform the natural output of the hair with the closest robotic hair surgery. This can be explained as follows; In the FUE method, when a 3mm depth is created with a 1/3-inch thinner of a razor called a slit, a pit image is not formed as the robot drops down to a depth of 1.5mm. Thus, results are satisfied that both the patient and the physician.
What are the disadvantages of robotic hair transplant?
The robot is a machine and cannot work without a highly qualified doctor.
Can not give aesthetic results like human touch which is the basis of plastic surgery. However, without the usefulness of the human experience, the robot would be a good solution. As a simple example, there are many printers that can print amazing images, but things at hand are more beautiful and preferable.
Robotic hair transplantation system is not suitable for all patients.
The dermatology study at the Cornell Weill Medical Center in New York, published at the NCBI National Biotechnology Information Center, states that the robotic hair transplantation system is not suitable for patients with blonde, red or gray hair, because the robot will be difficult to identify and remove the grafts. Hair coloring can solve this problem. However, robotic hair transplantation is more suitable for patients with dark hair (black and brown). Also, this method is not suitable for patients with curly hair. Therefore, this method is not applicable to all patients.
The robot cannot accurately determine and draw the front hairline.
An experienced physician should consider the location of muscle layers that vary according to the patient’s age. In addition, the physician should determine the shape and location of this line to keep the muscle layers healthy and to achieve the patient’s aesthetic desires.
The robot does not know the size of the punches used for each case.
Each follicle type requires a special touch to be extracted, so the robotic hair transplantation system needs a specialist to give it the correct instructions.
The robot cannot decide the extent of the donor area where the follicles will be removed.
What should be done after Robotic Hair Transplant?
After the procedure, the tissues where the hair follicles are taken in the nape of the patients are closed for 48 hours with bandages to prevent the germs from taking.In the planting with the robot, liquid is not given under the skin. Because of the fact that subcutaneous tissue is not traumatized, edema and swelling are rarely seen according to FUE method. Wound healing is much faster.
Depending on the needs of the patient, tennis player band is used up to 2 – 3 days. This band prevents the liquid in the forehead from coming down around the eyes and creating a bruised image. The patient is given edema solvent pills for three days. It is advisable to drink 2.5 liters of water per day and to ensure that this edema is rapidly disposed of by making an ice pack per hour. One day after the operation, he is called for control. If there is a problem such as bleeding, infection, swelling and edema. Usually close to 100 percent everything goes well.
After 48 hours of hair transplantation, a procedure called first wash is performed. The purpose of this is; the patient opens the canal during the sowing and each channel has an angle. This angle, when a small incision is made, the skin is separated and a slit occurs. Over time, this region is crusted. However, it is desirable that this crusting occurs slowly. If one suddenly crusts quickly, there may be some undesirable conditions such as infection of the hair follicle. For this reason, 8 days after the operation, two days after the start of the day and the hair washing process applied once a day is done. In this process, a lotion is applied to the skin and wait for 20 minutes. Thus, the skin is softened. Then wash is done. On the eighth day, the patient’s shells become more pronounced and the color turns from red to brown. In the end, browns begin to harden slowly. In the last wash on the eighth day the lotion is kept for 40-50 minutes. Then the shells are gently poured one by one. On the tenth day, all the shells of the patient were cast, as if her hair was cut short. The patients are extremely happy to see their haircut short in the mirror.
After planting, it is necessary to take very good care of the hair. Therefore it will be correct to use special shampoos, spray, tablets that strengthen the hair.
When can patients return to their normal lives?
There is no problem in terms of health and can be returned to work one day later. But from the point of view of the image, the redness of the shells and the peeling of the shells, in short, everything happens 10 days later.