Hair transplantation. Hair transplantation involves the relocation of plugs of skin from parts of the scalp containing active hair follicles to bald areas. A person may need several hundred plugs — implanted 10 to 60 per session. The transplanted hair may drop out, but new hair usually begins to grow from the transplanted follicles within several months. Newer hair transplantation procedures called follicular unit hair transplants can transplant one to four hair follicles very close together, for a more natural look. In addition to follicule unit transplantation (FUT), follicle unit extraction (FUE), which involves transplanting individual follicle units for less scarring, is also available.
● Corticosteroids. Most cases of alopecia areata, an autoimmune disorder that causes hair to fall out in clumps, resolve spontaneously. Some doctors try to speed recovery with topical corticosteroid drops or steroid shots directly into the areas of hair loss on the scalp. The treatment may be somewhat painful and may cause skin thinning in the injected sites. Prednisone, an oral steroid, may be an effective treatment for alopecia areata, but its potential side effects include weight gain, metabolic abnormalities, acne, and menstrual problems. Its positive effects are often only temporary.
● Anthralin. This is a topical medication used to control inflammation at the base of the hair follicles. It is used in conditions such as alopecia areata.
● Diphencyprone. This is a topical sensitizing agent used occasionally to stimulate hair regrowth in alopecia areata.
● Lasers. Office and home based laser comb devices are sometimes successful in stimulating new hair growth.
Can I Prevent Hair Loss?
Although you can’t reverse natural balding, you can protect hair from damage that may eventually lead to thinning.
Many people put tremendous stress on their hair. Hair dryers, hot curlers, hair dyes, permanents and hair straightening products, and chemical-laden cosmetics may cause dry, brittle, and thinning hair.
To prevent hair damage that may cause hair loss, follow these tips:
Go natural: Leave your hair its natural color and texture. If that is not an option for you, give hair time to recover between blowouts and chemical treatments.
● Choose products wisely: Use a basic shampoo designed for your hair type. When curling your hair, choose less-damaging sponge rollers. Also, brush using a moderately stiff, natural-bristle brush, which is less likely to tear your hair.