It is normal for women to lose their hair every day, but when there are bald or thinning areas, it may be due to baldness.

Loss of about 50-100 hairs a day is considered normal, but new growth will usually replace this hair. If someone has female pattern baldness, however, the lost hair is not renewed.

In this article, we analyze the causes and risk factors for female pattern baldness, as well as treatment and prevention.

What is female baldness?

Baldness in women is a type of hair loss that affects women. The medical name of the disease is androgenetic alopecia.

Although men and women may experience hair loss, it is not as prevalent among women as it is among men, and looks different.

Men who have hair loss tend to develop hair loss and bald areas. Women with female pattern baldness usually undergo an overall thinning of the hair, which affects their volume.

In women, the first signs of baldness may be an enlargement or the feeling that the hair is not thick as usual. Although the scalp can be seen, the hairline is usually not delayed.

Hair loss is less common in women than men, but it still occurs frequently. Baldness in women increases with age and less than 50% of women have soft hair for life.

Female pattern baldness and the genetic link:

Genetics seems to be an important factor in the development of female pattern baldness, which means it works in the family. Women can inherit the gene responsible for baldness from both parents.

Female pattern baldness tends to be more prevalent when a woman ages and reaches middle age, although it may start earlier.

It often develops after menopause, so hormonal changes can also be a contributing factor.

Other causes of hair loss:

To a large extent, baldness in women is believed to be due to genetics. However, it can also develop due to an underlying condition that affects the production of androgen.

Androgen is a hormone that plays a role in baldness. Pituitary or ovarian tumors that excrete androgen can also cause hair loss.

Other causes of hair loss in women include:

  • Autoimmune disease: alopecia areata is a rare autoimmune disease that causes the immune system to attack hair follicles that lead to hair loss.
  • Drugs: some drugs, such as those used to treat cancer, can cause hair loss as a side effect. However, the hair normally grows back once the person has stopped taking the medication.
  • Disease: Hair loss can occur after a serious illness, such as a serious infection, a high fever or surgery.
  • Traction Alopecia: it is the hair loss that occurs when a person often uses hairstyles that pull too much hair.


The type of treatment recommended will depend on the extent of hair loss, in addition to other factors.

Treatment of baldness in women can help prevent hair loss in the future and can lead to new hair growth. In most cases, long-term treatment is required to prevent recurrence of hair loss.

Treatment options include:


Minoxidil is a topical medication used to treat hair loss in men and women. The treatment is applied daily on the scalp and can stimulate hair growth, as well as preventing hair loss.

Minoxidil can take from 6 months to a year to produce visible results and does not work for everyone. Side effects can include dryness, redness and itching. Hair loss can come back after a person stops using the product.

Rogaine is a well-known brand of minoxidil which is available for purchase in many pharmacies and online.

Oral dressing:

Spironolactone, a diuretic, is one of the most common oral drugs for the treatment of baldness in women. Diuretics remove excess water from the body.

The drug can also block the production of androgens, which can prevent hair loss and promote hair re-growth. Spironolactone can cause side effects such as dry mouth, nausea and dizziness.

Pregnant women should not take spironolactone because of the risk of congenital disability.


Because baldness in women can be genetic, it is not always possible to prevent it. However, a woman can take certain measures to keep her hair as healthy as possible to prevent them from breaking and damaging them.

Consider the following hair care tips:

  • Limit treatments that can cause damage to hair, such as permanent hair, smoothing and lengthening the hair.
  • Adopts a diet rich in essential proteins, vitamins and iron.
  • Protect your hair from sun damage by wearing a hat.

* Avoid brushing your hair when it is wet and brittle. Use a comb or fingers in place.


Baldness in women can be painful and affect a person’s self-esteem and self-esteem. Women suffering from excessive hair loss should consult their doctor or dermatologist, who can help them determine the cause and the best treatment option.

Early detection can help a person develop a treatment plan that prevents hair loss. There are treatments available that can help restore hair growth. The effectiveness may vary depending on the treatment chosen and the importance of hair loss.

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