Hair transplant is the latest craze not only for those who have lost their hair to untimely fall but even for them who want to alter their hairlines or acquire an attractive mane. But is hair transplant really safe and successful? Is it a lasting process or does the procedure result in unwarranted tissue changes in the body? Here’s what you need to know:
02/11What is hair transplant?
It is a surgical process that involves removal of hair follicles from any site in the body like face or legs and planting them on the hairless portion. The latest techniques are permanent and they pick up follicular clusters of hair. This process is called Follicular Hair Transplantation (FUT) which can be done in two ways, strip harvesting and follicular unit extraction (FUE).
In strip harvesting, skin strips with good hair growth are planted on balding areas and in follicular unit, extraction hair clusters with their roots are manually removed and planted at the hairless site. Strip harvesting is what the surgeons are mostly adopting these days. It leaves a slim scar at the donor site and promises recovery within two weeks.
04/11Follicular Unit Extraction
FUE can be done in a single or several settings. It is a manual and time taking process but gives very natural results and leaves behind no marks. It is not a cost-effective process and is time-consuming both for the doctor and the patient. However, use of robotics has reduced the time in this process and simplified it immensely.
05/11Preparation for the hair transplant
1) In the initial step of the hair transplant surgery, hair follicles from the back of the head are removed and relocated to the balding areas. 2) Before the surgery begins, the hair in the donor area is trimmed. 3) Once the hair in the donor area is trimmed, a local anaesthesia is given.
06/11Tissue in the donor area removed
4) The tissue in the donor area that contains the bald resistant hair follicles is removed surgically and the donor area is sutured. 5) The sutures in the donor area are hidden from the patient’s hair that is combed over them. These sutures are removed almost ten days after the hair transplant surgery. 6) Microscopes are then used by the surgical technicians to view the donor tissue for dissecting and preparing follicular units hair grafts.